6 Major Differences Between Red Wine and White Wine
Many adults enjoy a glass of wine. For most wine lovers, they have a clear preference in the type of wine they consume. Before even delving into the brand of wine, the first choice sippers must select is the colour. Wines primarily come in white, red, and blush. Vino lovers can be very set in the colour of beverage they prefer.
It is no secret that red and white wine are different. Aside from the obvious variations in their colour, there are other distinct characteristics between the two alcoholic beverages that make them completely unique drinks. While some distinctions are fairly obvious, others are not. Whether you are buying red wine or white wine, it is important to know the differences between these two types of wines.
The six common differences between red and white wines are:
1. Type of Grapes Used
The second and most recognizable unlikeness between the two hues is the type of grapes used to make the vino. White wines are made primarily using green, yellow, greyish-pink or straw coloured grapes. Red wines are made using red, purple or black grapes.
2. Fermenting The Grapes
Wine is made in part by fermenting grapes. However, the two coloured varieties are processed very differently. In white coloured brands, the grapes are picked off the stems, then pressed so the juice is separated from the skin and seeds beforehand. Once the liquid is separate from the solid parts, it is left to settle before being used in the alcohol making process. Red versions use the whole fruit – skin and all -during the fermenting process. The skin of the small fleshy morsels has the pigmentation that gives the drink its reddish colouring.
Another difference between the two types is length of time needed to ferment the beverage. Fermentation of blanc wines takes longer than their darker counterparts because the clear liquid must be processed at cooler temperatures. Reddish drinks are made by fermenting the whole grape at higher temperatures so less time is needed to complete the process.
3. Storing Methods
Red wine is stored in oak wooden barrels to increase the oxygenation of the beverage. This gives the drink a smoother, more nutty flavour because it loses its fruity taste when the oxygen levels increase. White brands on the other hand, are stored in stainless steel vats to keep the oxygen out and the fruity flavouring in.
4. Chemical Compounds
Rouge hued vinos have different chemical compounds than their blanc competitors. Because the seeds and skin are used to make the red brands, the wine has more compounds including flavonols, anthocyanins, hydrobenzoic and other acids, that is not in pearly bottles, making the crimson fluids better from a health perspective. White wines do not have these compounds.
5. Cold Stabilization
Once the wine is made, it must be stored at cool temperatures just above 0 Celcius or freezing for up to three weeks so the tartrates and other ionic salts do not form crystals in the bottle. The temperature must be reduced gradually to ensure the tartrates are separated properly. White wines are easier to stabilize than the red varieties.
6. Other Differences
Other differences between the two types include how and where the grapes are grown, bottling the fluids, adding other flavours and compounds, and other personal adaptations to the winemaking process so each bottle or company brand is unique.
Winemaking takes skill, practise, and an understanding of how the different types of the alcoholic beverage are made. Red and white wines are different in many ways. While the public might notice the most obvious differences between colour and taste of each type, other variations including grape selection, processing, making, and storing the drink have a significant impact on how the fluid is processed from beginning to end.